The Drug-Free Communities Support Program (DFC) is a Federal grant program that provides funding to community-based coalitions that organize to prevent youth substance use. Since the passage of the DFC Act in 1997, the DFC Program has funded more than 2,000 coalitions and currently mobilizes nearly 9,000 community volunteers across the country. The philosophy behind the DFC Program is that local drug problems require local solutions. With a small Federal investment, the DFC Program doubles the amount of funding through the DFC Program’s match requirement, to address youth substance use. Recent evaluation data indicate that where DFC dollars are invested, youth substance use is lower. Over the life of the DFC Program, youth living in DFC communities have experienced reductions in alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use.
DFC National Evaluation
New!! Among all DFC grantees ever funded, DFC-funded community coalitions have achieved significant reductions in youth alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. For middle school youth living in DFC-funded communities, data from the DFC National Evaluation indicate a 24.4% reduction in alcohol use, 29.4% reduction in tobacco use and 15.1% reduction in marijuana use. High school-aged youth have reduced their use of alcohol by 15.5%, tobacco by 23.7% and marijuana by 4.9% in DFC-funded communities.
Among FY 2013 DFC grantees (Figure 5), the prevalence of past 30-day alcohol use among middle school youth declined by 32% from the first to most recent report and the prevalence of past 30-day tobacco use declined by 38%. Prevalence of past 30-day illicit use of prescription drugs (21%) and of marijuana use (14%) also declined but at a relatively lower rate. FY 2013 DFC grantees also reported declines among high school students in the prevalence of past 30-day tobacco use (33%), alcohol use (20%), illicit prescription drug use (15%), and marijuana use (4%).
As shown in Figure 6, prevalence rates of past 30-day use among high school students for alcohol were significantly lower in communities with a DFC grantee than in areas sampled by the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) in all six years compared (i.e., 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013). Prevalence rates for marijuana use were significantly lower in DFC communities in 2007, 2009, and 2013. DFC grantees generally mirrored national prevalence of past 30-day tobacco use, but were significantly lower in 2009, 2011, and 2013.
DFC-funded coalitions are actively engaged in facilitating prescription drug take-back programs in conjunction with local law enforcement, as well as local policy change to effectively address the accessibility and availability of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
Downloadable DFC Infographic
To support the communication needs of community coalitions we have created 2 downloadable DFC infographics. The infographics describe the DFC Program, its effectiveness, why it matters, and how coalitions come together to prevent youth drug and alcohol use in their communities. Just click on the links to download. For maximum impact the infographics should be printed on legal size (8 ½ x 14) paper.
Click here to download Click here to download
Purpose of the DFC Program
The primary purpose of the DFC program is to:
Establish and strengthen collaboration among communities, public and private non-profit agencies; as well as federal, state, local, and tribal governments to support the efforts of community coalitions working to prevent and reduce substance use among youth.
Reduce substance use among youth and, over time, reduce substance abuse among adults by addressing the factors in a community that increase the risk of substance abuse and promoting the factors that minimize the risk of substance abuse.
DFC grantees are required to work toward these two goals as the primary focus of their Federally-funded effort. Grants awarded through the DFC Program are intended to support established community-based coalitions capable of effecting community-level change. For the purposes of the DFC Program, a coalition is defined as a community-based formal arrangement for cooperation and collaboration among groups or sectors of a community in which each group retains its identity, but all agree to work together toward a common goal of building a safe, healthy, and drug-free community. Coalitions receiving DFC funds are expected to work with leaders within their communities to identify and address local youth substance use problems and create sustainable community-level change through environmental strategies.
Recent data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) indicate increases in youth prescription drug abuse, as well as marijuana, ecstasy, and methamphetamine use. Now, more than ever, the DFC Program is needed in communities across the country to help prevent drug use and reduce its consequences. Drug problems manifest in local communities and show up in our schools, churches, health centers, and in our homes. The DFC Program helps local leaders organize to identify the youth drug issues unique to their communities and develop the infrastructures necessary to effectively prevent and respond to the disease of addiction.
The Drug Free Communities Act of 1997 and the Formation of the DFC Program
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) receives funding for the DFC Program from Congress through the Drug Free Communities Act of 1997 (Public Law 105-20) to provide support to community-based coalitions that have formed to address local youth substance use and its related consequences. The DFC Program was reauthorized through ONDCP’s Reauthorization Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-469). The latest reauthorization extends the program until 2012. Since 1998, ONDCP has awarded more than 2,000 DFC grants. Grants have been awarded to communities from every region in the nation and include rural, urban, suburban, and tribal communities.
The DFC Program is overseen by ONDCP, with day-to-day management conducted by Government Project Officers (Center for Substance Abuse Prevention/CSAP) and Grants Management Specialists (Division of Grants Management/DGM) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
The DFC Program operates on a yearly grant cycle that starts with a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) being posted in January of each year. The FOA, when open, is posted on Grants.gov and SAMSHA.gov and this website. Community coalitions meeting all of the statutory eligibility requirements can apply during the open period for funding. DFC grants are awarded for five years with a maximum of 10 years. Coalitions can ask for up to $125,000 per year and must provide at least a one-to-one match (cash, in-kind, donations, but no Federal funds) each year, with increases in Years 8-10.
What DFC Funds
- Community coalitions that have formed to address youth substance use
- Prevention efforts that place emphasis on environmental strategies
- Develop strategic planning processes and comprehensive Action Plans
- Training and technical assistance for the coalition
- Salary and benefits of an individual that ensures effective day-to-day operations of the coalition
- Travel to prevention related conferences, seminars, etc.
What DFC Does Not Fund (not a fully exhaustive list)
- After-school programs
- Youth mentoring programs
- Sports programs
- Treatment services/programs/facilities
- Drug Courts
- Landscaping/Neighborhood Revitalization Projects
Current DFC Grantees
Each year, ONDCP funds four types of DFC grants: New, Continuation,Mentoring, and Mentoring Continuation. New grants represent those openly competing for their first or sixth years of DFC funding, while Continuation grants represent "in-cycle" grants in years 2-5 or 7-10 of DFC funding. DFC Mentoring grants are the first of a two-year grant awarded to existing DFC grantees to support their work to create new DFC coalitions. DFC Continuation Mentoring grants represent the second year of the two-year award.
Community-based coalitions that meet all of the statutory eligibility requirements can respond to the annual Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA). The DFC FOA is usually released to the public in mid-January, with applications due in mid-March. DFC grantees are chosen using a peer review process comprised of current and former DFC grantees.